Western Region IPM-fit Projects
LINK E/CS Data WR Crop/Chem/Type Products Reasons DataNeeds States IPM-fit WR-Details
10326 B 10326 A/B ARTICHOKE (GLOBE) / PENTHIOPYRAD / F Fontelis Vertisen RAMULARIA CYNARAE RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA Good fit because Penthiopyrad is classified as reduced risk fungicide due to of its favorable ecotoxicological profile. It would also provide a better IPM fit when used as rotational product for resistance management. Currently myclobutanil is used against all diseases and growers are experiencing its declining efficacy against ramularia leafspot disease in the annual artichokes 10326
12293 B ND A BASIL (GH) / FLONICAMID / I Beleaf Carbine APHIDS, WHITEFLY RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED AZ IL NY Very Good FIT: It is soft on the bios. Because the whole plant is consumed, controlling aphids with natural enemies is difficult (we can't leave mummies from wasps behind). However, beneficial mites are used frequently for thrips and sometimes predators are used. 12293
10910 M 10910 A/B CARDOON / PENDIMETHALIN / H Prowl ANNUAL GRASSES, BROADLEAF WEEDS NEED E/CS DATA ONLY CA BH (UCD) I think a credible IPM fit case could be made for Prowl H2O in cardoon. Would provide a good preemergence option for control of a number of grass and some broadleaf species with minimal chance of crop injury and very little chance of exposure to the harvested portion of the crop. (RS 6/28/14) 10910
12425 12425 A/B CARROT / FLUOPYRAM / F Velum Prime NORTHERN ROOT LESION NEMATODE (PRATYLENCHUS PENETRANS), NORTHERN ROOT KNOT NEMATODE (MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA VAR. INC.) POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S MI NY Very Good FIT: It is relatively non-toxic and has low toxicity to non-targets, the products commonly used have high toxicity and are often restricted use products. 12425
12241 B 12241 A/B CHIA / SAFLUFENACIL / H Kixor Treevix REQUESTING USE AS A DESICCANT TO ASSIST WITH CROP HARVEST; CHIA SEEDS ARE MATURE AND ARE READY TO HARVEST LONG BEFORE PLANTS DRY DOWN ENOUGH FOR DIRECT HARVEST; WITHOUT A DESICCANT OVER 50% OF CHIA SEED MAY BE LOST WHILE WAITING FOR PLANTS TO DRY DOWN ENOUGH FOR HARVEST:05/17 NEED E/CS DATA ONLY KY IN CA NY IL OR SD TN NE IA KS Very Good FIT: Having the necessary production tools is critical to growing this alternative crop. Since chia is in a different family from most other row crops, it brings biodiversity to break disease and insect cycles naturally. Chia is also a truly sustainable crop with low water and fertility needs when compared to most other crops and it is a pollinator friendly crop. It is critical to have a desiccant as a harvest aid and Sharpen is the best and safest option available when compared to the others Paraquat and Diquat. 12241
11824 B 11824 A/B CLOVER (SEED CROP) / ASULAM / H Asulam 3.3 Asulox BROADLEAF WEEDS, ESPECIALLY DOCK (RUMEX SPP.) RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED OR WA Good: Resistance and/or weed shift management; asulam is in Herbicide Mode of Action Group 18, which is different from other herbicides currently registered for use in clover seed production. 11824
9498 B 9498 A/B COFFEE / 2,4-D (AMINE) / H BROADLEAF WEEDS INCLUDING MORNING GLORY RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED HI good fit: Effectively controls broadleaf weeds that can choke out coffee plants, particularly morning glory.

The availability of 2,4-D could be important for resistance management of broadleaf weeds. It has a different MOA than glyphosate, which is the broad-spectrum herbicide of choice. Growers may use lower application rates of glyphosate to save on chemical costs which could result, over time, in survival of tolerant individuals from routine glyphosate use.
9498
9493 B ND A/B COFFEE / GLUFOSINATE / H Rely Liberty WEEDS, BROADLEAF AND GRASSES RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED HI Good fit: a good safety alternative to paraquat. Glufosinate is a Non-RUP alternative to paraquat. There is better applicator safety when compared to paraquat. Glufosinate controls glyphosate resistant weeds. The mode of action (WSSA Group 10/HRAC Group H) can be a component for resistance management rotation. 9493
6607 B 6607 A/B FIG / PENDIMETHALIN / H Prowl WEEDS RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA IPM Fit. Very Good. Pendimethalin is used as a preemergence herbicide in tree crops, primarily targeting grasses and some small-seeded broadleaf weeds. Fig growers have a limited number of preemergence materials and instead rely very heavily on repeated applications of glyphosate, paraquat, and other foliar-applied herbicides. By incorporating an effective PRE material into the integrated pest management program for weeds, growers will likely reduce the number of POST application required for acceptable season-long weed control. Further, pendimethalin can control glyphosate-resistant grasses such as junglerice and suppresses many members of the pigweed species complex. Pendimethalin is applied to clean soil and incorporated with rainfall or irrigation. Because it is extremely tightly bound to soil, pendimethalin is considered virtually immobile and not a leaching hazard. Although most California figs are grown in relatively flat fields so water erosion is a relatively minor issue, the Herbicide Handbook also reports that pendimethalin on soil particles washed off fields generally remains bound to sediment and unavailable to aquatic organisms. Finally, the modern aqueous suspension formulation of pendimethalin (eg Prowl H2O) are have very low fractions of volatile organic compounds compared to the older EC formulations and present a substantially lower air quality risks in the ozone non-attainment regions of the Central Valley of California. 6607
12220 B ND A/B GRAPE / DIQUAT / H Reglone Reward ANNUAL WEEDS (PER REQUESTOR DIQUAT COVERS A SIMILAR WEED SPECTRUM AS PARAQUAT; PER MFG, PARAQUAT IS MORE EFFECTIVE ON GRASSES AND HAS A BROADER SPECTRUM OF ACTIVITY; DIQUAT IS NOT AS EFFECTIVE, DEPENDING ON TARGET SPECIES) RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA Very Good FIT: Worker risk Signal word CAUTION whereas paraquat has a very high worker risk DANGER 12220
11916 B ND A/B GRASSES / ACEQUINOCYL / I Kanemite Piton BANKS GRASS MITE UNDER EVALUATION ID Good: non synthetic pyrethroid for mite control. IPM FIT: Very Good: This product targets phytophagous mites and is not harmful to predaceous mites and most other beneficial organisms. It is not a synthetic pyrethroid, which are commonly used. The pyrethroids tend to cause mite increases, so this product will provide good targeted mite control. It is also a reduced risk product. These features make it compatible with an IPM program and a resistance management program. 11916
12248 B ND A/B GRASSES / INDOXACARB / I Avaunt Steward ALFALFA WEEVIL; IT IS NOT A PEST OF THE PERENNIAL GRASSES BUT IS A SERIOUS PEST OF THE ALFALFA THAT IS GROWN TOGETHER WITH THE PERENNIAL GRASSES; FEW PRODUCTS ARE REGISTERED ON GRASSES, AND FOR USE ON A GRASS/ALFALFA MIXTURE REGISTRATION IS NEEDED ON BOTH CROPS; EFFECTIVE OPTIONS FOR ALFALFA WEEVIL CONTROL IN MIXED STANDS ARE LIMITED RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED CA Very Good FIT: Indoxacarb would be a very good fit for this use. It is already registered on alfalfa and has proven efficacy in research trials conducted in this geographic area and elsewhere. Since the development of alfalfa weevil resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, it has been the most efficacious treatment. It is a low-risk pesticide. Potential toxicity to applicators is lower that other insecticides used for alfalfa weevil control (especially OP materials). It also fits well in an IPM program and is safer to beneficial insects than most of the alternatives. 12248
10490 B ND A/B HOPS / SPINETORAM / I Radiant ARMYWORMS, CUTWORMS, LEAFROLLERS, LOOPERS, THRIPS (SUPPRESSION) LABELED, RESIDUE DATA NEEDED FOR EXPORT WA PA
10490
11264 B ND A/B MAMAKI / GLYPHOSATE / H Accord Concentrate Aquamaster WEEDS UNDER EVALUATION HI BH (UCD) I don’t have a problem with this as an IPM fit. I don’t have any experience with the crop but I assume that any glyphosate-injured leaves are not likely to be at risk of entering the food chain. (RS 6/28/14)

there are simply no known options for the mamaki growers.
11264
11921 M 11921 A/B MINT / SAFLUFENACIL / H Kixor Treevix BROADLEAF WEEDS: PRICKLY LETTUCE (LACTUCA SERRIOLA), KOCHIA (KOCHIA SCOPARIA), COMMON GROUNDSEL (SENECIO VULGARIS), AMARANTHUS SPECIES SUCH AS REDROOT PIGWEED (A. RETROFLEXUS)/PALMER AMARANTH (A. PALMERI/WATERHEMP (A. RUDIS), MUSTARDS, SHARPPOINT FLUVELLIN (KICKXIA ELATINE) - BIGGER BROADLEAF WEEDS AND/OR WINTER HARDENED WEEDS THAT PARAQUAT MISSES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S OR ID Good: Saflufenacil provides a significant improvement in human/worker safety over paraquat. This registration would result in a downgrade from signal word "Danger" to "Caution". Also, saflufenacil has been formulated into product (Sharpen) that is considered a low risk option of volatility and drift, which reduces the occurrence of off-site movement and non-target damage. Lastly, saflufenacil provides an efficacious alternative herbicide to paraquat for controlling difficult to control, larger, and/or winter hardened weeds. Data from regional trials demonstrate good efficacy against target pests. 11921
12106 M ND A/B MORINGA OLEIFERA / ACETAMIPRID / I Assail 70wp Assail Wsp GLASSY-WINGED SHARPSHOOTER; CA NURSERIES IN GLASSY-WINGED SHARPSHOOTER INFESTED COUNTIES ARE REQUIRED TO CERTIFY THAT HOST MATERIAL (I.E., MORINGA SP.) IS FREE FROM THIS PEST; TO COMPLY WITH THE PIERCE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM'S SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS, INFESTED NURSERIES MUST TREAT ALL HOST MATERIAL DESTINED TO ENFORCING COUNTIES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S CA Unknown FIT: Product will not be applied while bees or other pollinating insects are actively visiting the treated area. 12106
12426 12426 A/B ONION (DRY BULB) (SEED TRT) / FLUOPYRAM / F Velum Prime MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA VAR.INC. (ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE), DITYLENCHUS DIPSACI (STEM NEMATODE, TESTING DONE IN EUROPE): FROM NY REQUEST; STEM AND BULB NEMATODE AND WHITE ROT (SCLEROTIUM SEPIVORUM): FROM CA GARLIC AND ONION RESEARCH BOARD REQUEST UNDER EVALUATION NY CA IPM FIT: Unknown
I am honestly not very familiar with this product. Therefore, Bayer would need to provide many of the toxicological information and impact on non-target organisms. Typically, delivery of products as seed treatments rather than in furrow sprays, drenches or foliar sprays will have much less negative impacts on the environment.

(RE) Good FIT: Stem and bulb nematode must be managed pro-actively. Once you have it in a field, it's really too late to effectively control. For garlic, field inspection of seed fields is critical piece of management strategy, but an in-furrow treatment along with inspection is most effective control.
White rot control in garlic requires field monitoring, reporting, cleaning equipment, use of a biostimulant and then an in-furrow application or seed treatment with use of a conventional fungicide.
12426
3179 ND A/B PECAN / ETHEPHON / H Etherel OLD REQUEST WAS FOR USE AS A HARVEST AID; NEW REQUEST IS FOR USE AS AN AID IN UNIFORM HUSK SPLIT TO ADANCE HARVEST TO AVOID BEGINNING OF RAINY SEASON:09/16 UNDER EVALUATION TX CA Unknown FIT: As a harvest aid, we don't expect interference or improvement with current IPM programs in pecan. 3179
11797 B ND A/B PECAN / PACLOBUTRAZOL / H Bonzi GROWTH REGULATOR - SLOWS TREE GROWTH AND INCREASES FRUITING YIELD, FRUIT QUALITY AND NUT SIZE UNDER EVALUATION TX NM Very Good: Nontoxic. Increases light in orchard. Increases spray pattern. Increases yields and quality 11797
12289 B ND A/B PEPPER (GH) / FLUTIANIL / F Gatten POWDERY MILDEW RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX AZ MI ME Good FIT: Soft on BCAs. SOFT ON BENEFICIALS; BEING IN A NEW FRAC GROUP, THIS AI WOULD BE A GOOD RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT TOOL 12289
11635 M ND A/B QUINOA / FLUOPICOLIDE / F Infinito Reliable DOWNY MILDEW (PERONOSPORA VARIABILIS) POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S OR MT IPM Fit: Mandipropamid and fluopicolide are safe to pollinators and have no residual toxicity to honey bees (https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/pnw591.pdf). Application would be made only if conditions favor disease development. In addition, there is only one other fungicide registered for use in quinoa in Oregon (azoxystrobin) and it does not control downy mildew. 11635
11733 B ND A/B QUINOA / MANDIPROPAMID / F Revus DOWNY MILDEW (PERONOSPORA VARIABILIS) - NO REGISTERED TOOLS TO CONTROL DOWNY RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED OR Mandipropamid and fluopicolide are safe to pollinators and have no residual toxicity to honey bees (https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/pnw591.pdf). Application would be made only if conditions favor disease development. In addition, there is only one other fungicide registered for use in quinoa in Oregon (azoxystrobin) and it does not control downy mildew. 11733
7928 B 7928 A/B RADISH / BOSCALID + PYRACLOSTROBIN / F Pristine ALTERNARIA, CERCOSPORA, POWDERY MILDEW, DOWNY MILDEW E/CS NEEDED BEFORE REGISTRATION (RESIDUE STUDY COM OR OH
7928
11752 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY (GH) / BOSCALID + PYRACLOSTROBIN / F Pristine POWDERY MILDEW; NEED ADDITIONAL CONTROL OPTIONS FOR THE GH INDUSTRY; ALSO FOR BOTRYTIS; NEED MORE PRODUCTS FOR ROTATION/RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX TN NC AZ MI ME Very Good: Soft on biological control agents. 11752
11881 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY (GH) / PYDIFLUMETOFEN (FTH 545) / F BOTRYTIS GRAY MOLD, POWDERY MILDEW, FUSARIUM; NEED ADDITIONAL CONTROL OPTIONS FOR THE GH INDUSTRY RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX CA TN NC MI Good: Does not harm biological control agents

Koppert side effects does not list this as having any effect on our Bomids, Encarsia, and Eretmocerus spp. This make this a good fit for our industry.
11881
11920 + 11920 A/B STRAWBERRY (NON-BEARING) / FLUAZINAM / F Omega Altima BOTRYTIS AND ANTHRACNOSE; NEED PRODUCTS FOR USE ONLY IN NURSERY PLANT PRODUCTION, THAT ARE NOT USED IN FRUIT PRODUCTION FIELDS; TOO FEW MOA'S ARE AVAILABLE TO CONTROL THESE TWO DISEASES, AND FLUAZINAM IS EFFECTIVE ON BOTH RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED FL SC NY MD CA VA GA OH Unknown: As mentioned above, this would be useful for controlling populations with established fungicide resistance. 11920
11611 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY / QUINCLORAC / H Facet Paramount WEED CONTROL IN BETWEEN PLASTIC CULTURE ROWS; TO BE USED ALONG WITH SEEDING OF ANNUAL GRASS COVER CROP TO ELIMINATE ANNUAL WEEDS FROM SEED; ALSO FOR USE AS POSTEMERGENCE WEED CONTROL IN THE SAME SITUATION; NEEDED TO CONTROL FIELD BINDWEED IN BEARING PERENNIAL STRAWBERRY:01/17 UNDER EVALUATION GA FL OR MC (GA) Very Good: Allows for the use of weed free cover crops in plastic culture strawberries. Many of the you-pick operations, use annual ryegrass as a cover in the row middles of plastic culture strawberries. This is used so as to make the picking experience more enjoyable for the customer. But with a weedy cover crop harboring cutleaf evening primrose (and the beetle from the primrose that gets on all the customers) or the mud that come with no cover crop - the experience can be less than enjoyable. This would be a great product to encourage the use of cover crops in strawberry culture, and eliminate potential weds in the strawberries themselves. (RS 11/12/14) 11611
11700 H 11700 A TROPICAL FRUITS & NUTS / INDOXACARB / I Avaunt Steward PRE-HARVEST CONTROL OF LITTLE FIRE ANT (WASMANNIA AUROPUNCTATA), WHICH NESTS IN VEGETATION AND AT THE BASE OF TREES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S HI PR FL Very Good: When mixed as a bait product, Avaunt is very selective to the target species as well as some other pest ants. Product is not attractive to beneficials such as honey bees as it contains lipid and protein attractants. Little Fire Ants are very difficult to control in tree crops due to their arboreal nesting habits and the majority of pest ants worldwide are ground-nesting, hence treatment products are generally formulated for application to the ground. The gel bait, when applied according to instructions, can be applied to vegetation in small droplets spaced sufficiently closely to allow workers from multiple colonies to feed simultaneously. Foraging ants bring the bait back to the parent colony where it is shared via trophylaxis to other workers, larvae and the queens. Once the queens have been killed, the reproductive capacity of this species is severely reduced. 11700

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