Western Region IPM-fit Projects
LINK E/CS Data WR Crop/Chem/Type Products Reasons DataNeeds States IPM-fit WR-Details
10326 B 10326 A/B ARTICHOKE (GLOBE) / PENTHIOPYRAD / F Fontelis Vertisen RAMULARIA CYNARAE RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA Good fit because Penthiopyrad is classified as reduced risk fungicide due to of its favorable ecotoxicological profile. It would also provide a better IPM fit when used as rotational product for resistance management. Currently myclobutanil is used against all diseases and growers are experiencing its declining efficacy against ramularia leafspot disease in the annual artichokes 10326
12108 B ND A AVOCADO / GLYPHOSATE / H Accord Concentrate Aquamaster CURRENTLY REGISTERED; NEED LABEL CHANGE TO REDUCE PHI UNDER EVALUATION CA IPM Fit – Very good fit. Weeds can compete with avocado trees and can harbor pests that attack fruit or trees. In avocado, much of the weed control is focused on reducing vegetation from field margins and reducing weeds that compete with trees for water and nutrients. Weed control takes place year-round, particularly in the rainy season. Many avocado weeds such as barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli), nutsedges (Cyperus spp.), bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), dallisgrass (Paspalum dilatatum), and field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) require herbicide applications along with other management techniques to get complete control. Of the herbicides registered for use in bearing avocado trees, glyphosate provides control of most of weeds found in avocado (see UC IPM Avocado Pest Management Guideline, p. 99) while other herbicides provide less control or have other challenges. For example, the main POST herbicide alternative, paraquat is not as effective as glyphosate on perennial weeds and has regulatory challenges related to worker safety. Two of the three commonly used PRE herbicides in avocado are simazine and norflurazon, both of which are more heavily regulated in areas where runoff to surface waters or leaching to groundwater may occur. Reducing the PHI in avocado to be similar to other crops that are repeatedly continually harvested over multiple months (such as lemon) gives growers more options to control weeds when they are young and before they are problematic . 12108
12293 B ND A BASIL (GH) / FLONICAMID / I Beleaf Carbine APHIDS, WHITEFLY RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED AZ Very Good FIT: It is soft on the bios. Because the whole plant is consumed, controlling aphids with natural enemies is difficult (we can't leave mummies from wasps behind). However, beneficial mites are used frequently for thrips and sometimes predators are used. 12293
12051 + 12051 A/B CANEBERRY / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely ANNUAL, BIENNIAL, AND PERENNIAL BROADLEAF AND GRASS WEEDS THAT ESCAPE WINTER WEED CONTROL STRATEGIES; FOR YEAR-LONG WEED CONTROL PROGRAM; ALTERNATIVE TO PARAQUAT AND GLYPHOSATE; NEEDED FOR RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S OR AR PA NJ NC Good FIT: 1) Alternative to paraquat. 2) Kills escaped weeds before they can produce viable seeds. 3)Weed resistance management. 4)Relatively non-toxic to beneficials. 12051
10910 M 10910 A/B CARDOON / PENDIMETHALIN / H Prowl ANNUAL GRASSES, BROADLEAF WEEDS NEED E/CS DATA ONLY CA BH (UCD) I think a credible IPM fit case could be made for Prowl H2O in cardoon. Would provide a good preemergence option for control of a number of grass and some broadleaf species with minimal chance of crop injury and very little chance of exposure to the harvested portion of the crop. (RS 6/28/14) 10910
12241 B ND A/B CHIA (FUTURE: CEREAL GRAINS) / SAFLUFENACIL / H Kixor Treevix REQUESTING USE AS A DESICCANT TO ASSIST WITH CROP HARVEST; CHIA SEEDS ARE MATURE AND ARE READY TO HARVEST LONG BEFORE PLANTS DRY DOWN ENOUGH FOR DIRECT HARVEST; WITHOUT A DESICCANT OVER 50% OF CHIA SEED MAY BE LOST WHILE WAITING FOR PLANTS TO DRY DOWN ENOUGH FOR HARVEST:05/17 POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S KY IN CA NY IL OR SD TN NE IA KS Very Good FIT: Having the necessary production tools is critical to growing this alternative crop. Since chia is in a different family from most other row crops, it brings biodiversity to break disease and insect cycles naturally. Chia is also a truly sustainable crop with low water and fertility needs when compared to most other crops and it is a pollinator friendly crop. It is critical to have a desiccant as a harvest aid and Sharpen is the best and safest option available when compared to the others Paraquat and Diquat. 12241
11824 B 11824 A/B CLOVER (SEED CROP) / ASULAM / H Asulam 3.3 Asulox BROADLEAF WEEDS, ESPECIALLY DOCK (RUMEX SPP.) UNDER EVALUATION OR WA Good: Resistance and/or weed shift management; asulam is in Herbicide Mode of Action Group 18, which is different from other herbicides currently registered for use in clover seed production. 11824
9498 B 9498 A/B COFFEE / 2,4-D (AMINE) / H BROADLEAF WEEDS INCLUDING MORNING GLORY RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED HI good fit: Effectively controls broadleaf weeds that can choke out coffee plants, particularly morning glory.

The availability of 2,4-D could be important for resistance management of broadleaf weeds. It has a different MOA than glyphosate, which is the broad-spectrum herbicide of choice. Growers may use lower application rates of glyphosate to save on chemical costs which could result, over time, in survival of tolerant individuals from routine glyphosate use.
9498
9493 B ND A/B COFFEE / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely WEEDS, BROADLEAF AND GRASSES RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED HI Good fit: a good safety alternative to paraquat. Glufosinate is a Non-RUP alternative to paraquat. There is better applicator safety when compared to paraquat. Glufosinate controls glyphosate resistant weeds. The mode of action (WSSA Group 10/HRAC Group H) can be a component for resistance management rotation. 9493
12284 B ND A/B CUCUMBER (GH) / FENPYROXIMATE / I Fujimite Akari TWO SPOTTED SPIDER MITES AND BROAD MITES (NO OTHER PRODUCT IS CURRENTLY LABELED FOR BROAD MITE MANAGEMENT); NEED TO REDUCE PHI TO 0-DAY RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED TX AZ MI Good FIT: Soft on BCAs, might have some impact on predator mites. No miticide is currently registered for broad mites management on GH cucumbers. 12284
6607 B 6607 A/B FIG / PENDIMETHALIN / H Prowl WEEDS RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA IPM Fit. Very Good. Pendimethalin is used as a preemergence herbicide in tree crops, primarily targeting grasses and some small-seeded broadleaf weeds. Fig growers have a limited number of preemergence materials and instead rely very heavily on repeated applications of glyphosate, paraquat, and other foliar-applied herbicides. By incorporating an effective PRE material into the integrated pest management program for weeds, growers will likely reduce the number of POST application required for acceptable season-long weed control. Further, pendimethalin can control glyphosate-resistant grasses such as junglerice and suppresses many members of the pigweed species complex. Pendimethalin is applied to clean soil and incorporated with rainfall or irrigation. Because it is extremely tightly bound to soil, pendimethalin is considered virtually immobile and not a leaching hazard. Although most California figs are grown in relatively flat fields so water erosion is a relatively minor issue, the Herbicide Handbook also reports that pendimethalin on soil particles washed off fields generally remains bound to sediment and unavailable to aquatic organisms. Finally, the modern aqueous suspension formulation of pendimethalin (eg Prowl H2O) are have very low fractions of volatile organic compounds compared to the older EC formulations and present a substantially lower air quality risks in the ozone non-attainment regions of the Central Valley of California. 6607
12092 12092 A GARBANZO / DIMETHENAMID-P / H Outlook Frontier X-2 WEED CONTROL IN GARBANZOS, PARTICULARLY FOR NUTSEDGE UNDER EVALUATION CA Very Good FIT: Weed control in garbanzo production is challenging; the crop is planted in the winter and harvested in the summer, so both winter and summer weeds must be controlled. Most of the currently registered herbicides injure the crop, especially in wet years. Outlook does not injure garbanzos, is registered in garbanzos in other states, controls winter and summmer broadleaves and grasses, including nutsedge (limited control with other hericides). 12092
12220 B ND A/B GRAPE / DIQUAT / H Reglone Reward ANNUAL WEEDS (PER REQUESTOR DIQUAT COVERS A SIMILAR WEED SPECTRUM AS PARAQUAT; PER MFG, PARAQUAT IS MORE EFFECTIVE ON GRASSES AND HAS A BROADER SPECTRUM OF ACTIVITY; DIQUAT IS NOT AS EFFECTIVE, DEPENDING ON TARGET SPECIES) RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED CA Very Good FIT: Worker risk Signal word CAUTION whereas paraquat has a very high worker risk DANGER 12220
11916 B ND A/B GRASSES / ACEQUINOCYL / I Kanemite Piton BANKS GRASS MITE UNDER EVALUATION ID Good: non synthetic pyrethroid for mite control. IPM FIT: Very Good: This product targets phytophagous mites and is not harmful to predaceous mites and most other beneficial organisms. It is not a synthetic pyrethroid, which are commonly used. The pyrethroids tend to cause mite increases, so this product will provide good targeted mite control. It is also a reduced risk product. These features make it compatible with an IPM program and a resistance management program. 11916
12248 B ND A/B GRASSES / INDOXACARB / I Avaunt Steward ALFALFA WEEVIL; IT IS NOT A PEST OF THE PERENNIAL GRASSES BUT IS A SERIOUS PEST OF THE ALFALFA THAT IS GROWN TOGETHER WITH THE PERENNIAL GRASSES; FEW PRODUCTS ARE REGISTERED ON GRASSES, AND FOR USE ON A GRASS/ALFALFA MIXTURE REGISTRATION IS NEEDED ON BOTH CROPS; EFFECTIVE OPTIONS FOR ALFALFA WEEVIL CONTROL IN MIXED STANDS ARE LIMITED RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED CA Very Good FIT: Indoxacarb would be a very good fit for this use. It is already registered on alfalfa and has proven efficacy in research trials conducted in this geographic area and elsewhere. Since the development of alfalfa weevil resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, it has been the most efficacious treatment. It is a low-risk pesticide. Potential toxicity to applicators is lower that other insecticides used for alfalfa weevil control (especially OP materials). It also fits well in an IPM program and is safer to beneficial insects than most of the alternatives. 12248
10490 B ND A/B HOPS / SPINETORAM / I Delegate ARMYWORMS, CUTWORMS, LEAFROLLERS, LOOPERS, THRIPS (SUPPRESSION) LABELED, RESIDUE DATA NEEDED FOR EXPORT WA PA
10490
11264 B ND A/B MAMAKI / GLYPHOSATE / H Accord Concentrate Aquamaster WEEDS UNDER EVALUATION HI BH (UCD) I don’t have a problem with this as an IPM fit. I don’t have any experience with the crop but I assume that any glyphosate-injured leaves are not likely to be at risk of entering the food chain. (RS 6/28/14)

there are simply no known options for the mamaki growers.
11264
11921 M 11921 A/B MINT (FUTURE: HERBS) / SAFLUFENACIL / H Kixor Treevix BROADLEAF WEEDS: PRICKLY LETTUCE (LACTUCA SERRIOLA), KOCHIA (KOCHIA SCOPARIA), COMMON GROUNDSEL (SENECIO VULGARIS), AMARANTHUS SPECIES SUCH AS REDROOT PIGWEED (A. RETROFLEXUS)/PALMER AMARANTH (A. PALMERI/WATERHEMP (A. RUDIS), MUSTARDS, SHARPPOINT FLUVELLIN (KICKXIA ELATINE) - BIGGER BROADLEAF WEEDS AND/OR WINTER HARDENED WEEDS THAT PARAQUAT MISSES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S OR ID Good: Saflufenacil provides a significant improvement in human/worker safety over paraquat. This registration would result in a downgrade from signal word "Danger" to "Caution". Also, saflufenacil has been formulated into product (Sharpen) that is considered a low risk option of volatility and drift, which reduces the occurrence of off-site movement and non-target damage. Lastly, saflufenacil provides an efficacious alternative herbicide to paraquat for controlling difficult to control, larger, and/or winter hardened weeds. Data from regional trials demonstrate good efficacy against target pests. 11921
12106 M ND A/B MORINGA OLEIFERA / ACETAMIPRID / I Assail 70wp Assail Wsp GLASSY-WINGED SHARPSHOOTER; CA NURSERIES IN GLASSY-WINGED SHARPSHOOTER INFESTED COUNTIES ARE REQUIRED TO CERTIFY THAT HOST MATERIAL (I.E., MORINGA SP.) IS FREE FROM THIS PEST; TO COMPLY WITH THE PIERCE'S DISEASE CONTROL PROGRAM'S SHIPPING RESTRICTIONS, INFESTED NURSERIES MUST TREAT ALL HOST MATERIAL DESTINED TO ENFORCING COUNTIES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S CA Unknown FIT: Product will not be applied while bees or other pollinating insects are actively visiting the treated area. 12106
9887 B 9887 A PAPAYA / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely WEEDS RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED HI FL good fit: Glufosinate is a Non-RUP alternative to paraquat. There is better applicator safety when compared to paraquat. Glufosinate controls glyphosate resistant weeds. The mode of action (WSSA Group 10/HRAC Group H) can be a component for resistance management rotation 9887
11797 B ND A/B PECAN / PACLOBUTRAZOL / H Bonzi GROWTH REGULATOR - SLOWS TREE GROWTH AND INCREASES FRUITING YIELD, FRUIT QUALITY AND NUT SIZE UNDER EVALUATION TX NM Very Good: Nontoxic. Increases light in orchard. Increases spray pattern. Increases yields and quality 11797
12289 B ND A/B PEPPER (GH) / FLUTIANIL / F Gatten POWDERY MILDEW RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX AZ MI ME Good FIT: Soft on BCAs. SOFT ON BENEFICIALS; BEING IN A NEW FRAC GROUP, THIS AI WOULD BE A GOOD RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT TOOL 12289
12065 B ND A/B POMEGRANATE / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely BROADLEAF AND GRASS WEEDS, ESPECIALLY GLYPHOSATE-RESISTANT BIOTYPES; SUPPRESSION OF YELLOW NUTSEDGE UNDER EVALUATION CA Good FIT: Provides tool for POST control of glyphosate-resistant weeds, an alternate mode of action (rotate with PPO-inhibitor herbicide) for control of GR Conyza. Increasing problems with GR summer grass weeds and yellow nutsedge in pomegranates is an increasing issue that results in even heavier reliance on the few herbicide tools available. 12065
11635 M ND A/B QUINOA (FUTURE: CEREAL GRAINS) / FLUOPICOLIDE / F Infinito Reliable DOWNY MILDEW (PERONOSPORA VARIABILIS) POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S OR MT IPM Fit: Mandipropamid and fluopicolide are safe to pollinators and have no residual toxicity to honey bees (https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/pnw591.pdf). Application would be made only if conditions favor disease development. In addition, there is only one other fungicide registered for use in quinoa in Oregon (azoxystrobin) and it does not control downy mildew. 11635
11733 B ND A/B QUINOA (FUTURE: CEREAL GRAINS) / MANDIPROPAMID / F Revus DOWNY MILDEW (PERONOSPORA VARIABILIS) - NO REGISTERED TOOLS TO CONTROL DOWNY RESEARCHABLE, ONLY RESIDUE DATA NEEDED OR Mandipropamid and fluopicolide are safe to pollinators and have no residual toxicity to honey bees (https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/sites/catalog/files/project/pdf/pnw591.pdf). Application would be made only if conditions favor disease development. In addition, there is only one other fungicide registered for use in quinoa in Oregon (azoxystrobin) and it does not control downy mildew. 11733
12030 B ND A/B SAFFLOWER / BETA-CYFLUTHRIN / I LYGUS HESPERUS, BEET LEAF HOPPER, GREEN STINK BUG UNDER EVALUATION CA Very Good FIT: This product has a very good fit as a tool to control economically important pests in an area wide ipm program that includes safflower, cotton and Processing tomatoes. We are able to preserve beneficial organisms and promote bio control measures in cotton and tomatoes (70000 acres) by effectively managing pests in safflower before populations overlap and migrate into neighboring crops. 12030
11752 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY (GH) / BOSCALID + PYRACLOSTROBIN / F Pristine POWDERY MILDEW; NEED ADDITIONAL CONTROL OPTIONS FOR THE GH INDUSTRY; ALSO FOR BOTRYTIS; NEED MORE PRODUCTS FOR ROTATION/RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX TN NC AZ MI ME Very Good: Soft on biological control agents. 11752
11881 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY (GH) / PYDIFLUMETOFEN (FTH 545) / F BOTRYTIS GRAY MOLD, POWDERY MILDEW, FUSARIUM; NEED ADDITIONAL CONTROL OPTIONS FOR THE GH INDUSTRY RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED TX CA TN NC Good: Does not harm biological control agents

Koppert side effects does not list this as having any effect on our Bomids, Encarsia, and Eretmocerus spp. This make this a good fit for our industry.
11881
11611 B ND A/B STRAWBERRY / QUINCLORAC / H Facet Paramount WEED CONTROL IN BETWEEN PLASTIC CULTURE ROWS; TO BE USED ALONG WITH SEEDING OF ANNUAL GRASS COVER CROP TO ELIMINATE ANNUAL WEEDS FROM SEED; ALSO FOR USE AS POSTEMERGENCE WEED CONTROL IN THE SAME SITUATION; NEEDED TO CONTROL FIELD BINDWEED IN BEARING PERENNIAL STRAWBERRY:01/17 UNDER EVALUATION GA FL OR MC (GA) Very Good: Allows for the use of weed free cover crops in plastic culture strawberries. Many of the you-pick operations, use annual ryegrass as a cover in the row middles of plastic culture strawberries. This is used so as to make the picking experience more enjoyable for the customer. But with a weedy cover crop harboring cutleaf evening primrose (and the beetle from the primrose that gets on all the customers) or the mud that come with no cover crop - the experience can be less than enjoyable. This would be a great product to encourage the use of cover crops in strawberry culture, and eliminate potential weds in the strawberries themselves. (RS 11/12/14) 11611
12060 H ND A/B SWEET POTATO / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely ROUNDUP RESISTANT PIGWEED AND JUNGLE RICE POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S CA Good FIT: evaluate Rely (glufosinate) as a shielded spray in-season application in sweetpotatoes? Seems like with all their concerns with Roundup resistant Palmer Amaranth, this should be evaluated. Right now there is a 70 day plant back interval. This type of application is allowed with glyphosate with much success here in CA, but I’m concerned we will also be dealing with resistance issues in our redroot pigweed (one of our main weeds in this crop), and so alternative chemistry should be evaluated 12060
12300 B ND A/B TOMATO (GH) / NA11630 / I THRIPS, WHITEFLIES, APHIDS RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED FL CA ME Good FIT: This product offers a viable alternative to current products and is at a very low rate. 12300
10730 C 10730 A TROPICAL & SUBTROPICAL FRUITS, INEDIBLE / GLUFOSINATE / H Liberty Rely PARTHENIUM SP & OTHER GLYPHOSATE RESISTANT SPECIES RESEARCHABLE, RESIDUE & E/CS DATA NEEDED FL HI Glufosinate is a Non-RUP alternative to paraquat. There is better applicator safety when compared to paraquat. Glufosinate controls glyphosate resistant weeds. The mode of action (WSSA Group 10/HRAC Group H) can be a component for resistance management rotation 10730
11700 H 11700 A TROPICAL FRUITS & NUTS / INDOXACARB / I Avaunt Steward PRE-HARVEST CONTROL OF LITTLE FIRE ANT (WASMANNIA AUROPUNCTATA), WHICH NESTS IN VEGETATION AND AT THE BASE OF TREES POTENTIAL: E/CS DATA BEFORE APPROVAL FOR RESIDUE S HI PR FL Very Good: When mixed as a bait product, Avaunt is very selective to the target species as well as some other pest ants. Product is not attractive to beneficials such as honey bees as it contains lipid and protein attractants. Little Fire Ants are very difficult to control in tree crops due to their arboreal nesting habits and the majority of pest ants worldwide are ground-nesting, hence treatment products are generally formulated for application to the ground. The gel bait, when applied according to instructions, can be applied to vegetation in small droplets spaced sufficiently closely to allow workers from multiple colonies to feed simultaneously. Foraging ants bring the bait back to the parent colony where it is shared via trophylaxis to other workers, larvae and the queens. Once the queens have been killed, the reproductive capacity of this species is severely reduced. 11700

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